Gnostic Doctrine

Saturday, 27 July 2019

The Fall of Wisdom

Echamoth is one thing and Echmoth, another. Echamoth is Wisdom simply, but Echmoth is the Wisdom of death, which is the one who knows death, which is called "the little Wisdom". The Gospel of Philip

From the Gospel of Philip we can see there are two types of wisdom 

1Cor 1:21  For after that in the wisdom of God (Divine Wisdom) the world by wisdom (human wisdom called philosophy) knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.

1Co 3:19  For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.

Here we can see there are two types of wisdom human wisdom and Divine wisdom 

There is a division between the wisdom of this world and God's wisdom we call this dualism

Bible dualism: the bible has a few dualism between light and darkness, good and evil, flesh and spirit one of those dualism is between divine wisdom and human wisdom which is personified in the book of  Proverbs has 2 Women

Divine Wisdom, on the other hand, is personified as a virgin, human wisdom is an adulteress woman.

Human Wisdom on a limited scale is attainable by man through his own efforts,

Human wisdom can bring much sorrow and it does not bring real satisfaction.

The Fall of Wisdom

Rom 1:21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify him as God nor did they thank him, but they became empty-headed in their reasonings and their unintelligent heart became darkened. 
Rom 1:22 Although asserting they were wise, they became foolish 

Rom 1:28 And just as they did not approve of holding God in accurate knowledge, God gave them up to a disapproved mental state.

What Paul is talking about in Romans 1:28 would of happened around the time of Genesis chapter 11 Those who abandoned accurate knowledge of God created a false wisdom which is a image of the true wisdom this is the fall of wisdom

Jas 3:15  This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

Solomon who is wisdom personified

King Solomon, because of his God-given wisdom, was used as a symbol of wisdom, as if he were wisdom personified

Solomon should be understood as the fall of Sophia in the pleroma 

29 And God continued giving Solomon wisdom and understanding in very great measure and a broadness of heart, like the sand that is upon the seashore. 30 And Solomon’s wisdom was vaster than the wisdom of all the Orientals and than all the wisdom of Egypt. 

11 And King Solomon himself loved many foreign wives along with the daughter of Pharaoh (material bondage), Moabite (carnal self carnal mind), Ammonite (ignorance and error), Edomite ( desire.and rebellion  ), Sidonian [and] Hittite women, 

2 from the nations of whom Jehovah had said to the sons of Israel: “YOU must not go in among them, and they themselves should not come in among YOU; truly they will incline YOUR heart to follow their gods.” It was to them that Solomon clung to love [them]. 
3 And he came to have seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives gradually inclined his heart.

4 And it came about in the time of Solomon’s growing old (does not refer to years of life, but to the state of the consciousness, exhausting itself through misapplied thought) that his wives themselves had inclined his heart ( from the spiritual) to follow other gods (); and his heart did not prove to be complete with Jehovah his God like the heart of David his father. 5 And Solomon began going after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians and after Mil´com the disgusting thing of the Ammonites. 6 And Solomon began to do what was bad in the eyes of Jehovah, and he did not follow Jehovah fully like David his father.

7 It was then that Solomon proceeded to build a high place to Chemosh the disgusting thing of Moab on the mountain that was in front of Jerusalem, and to Molech the disgusting thing of the sons of Ammon. 8 And that was the way he did for all his foreign wives who were making sacrificial smoke and sacrificing to their gods.

Now we come to the Exegesis on the Soul

First the The Exegesis on the Soul appears to be a Jewish Christian text this can been understood from the many times The Exegesis on the Soul quotes from both the Hebrew Scriptures and the Christian New Testament.  The text describes the fall of the soul. Which is often compared with the Fall of Sophia

In the Exegesis on the Soul the soul is used collectively for the nation of Israel (Genesis 14:21 Genesis 23:8 Jeremiah 48:6) who have gone astray, fallen away this is the fall of the soul

This helps us when it comes to understanding The Exegesis on the Soul from The Nag Hammadi Library the text is not speaking about an immortal soul that has fallen to earth and is now trapped in matter no it is speaking politically about the nation of Israel this can be seen at the end of the document:

Certainly Israel would not have been visited in the first place, to be brought out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, if it had not sighed to God and wept for the oppression of its labours.....
If we repent, truly God will heed us, he who is long suffering and abundantly merciful, to whom is the glory for ever and ever. Amen! The Exegesis on the Soul

Here at the end of the text we find a clear understanding of who the soul is in the Exegesis on the Soul it is the nation of Israel, used collectively as the soul in the the text which is speaking allegorically about the nation of Israel using symbolic language. The "We" of the text could be the spiritual Israel called the church as the text is addressing a group calling them to repentance.

So the Soul and Sophia are a symbol for the nation of Israel who figuratively speaking fell from heaven 

Lam 2:1 ¶  How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, and cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger!

This understand fits well with our study of the the tripartite tractate where it is Logos not Sophia who is responsible for the fall

The Fall in the Tripartite Tractate
The Gnostic Creation Story in the Tripartite Tractate

Echamoth is one thing and Echmoth, another. Echamoth is Wisdom simply [“single eyed” and in tune with the will of the Father], but Echmoth is the Wisdom of death [“double mindedness” still intellectualizing and analyzing things eventually leading you to go your own way according to your own hearts desires], which is the one who knows death [so these are comprehension at differing levels], which is called "the little Wisdom" [these still cling to “the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” and cannot progress form the "letter" and will use it for unrighteous gain - these will hinder themselves and others from progressing to “the tree of life” still “deny its power” in them]. (Philip 28)

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