Gnostic Doctrine

Saturday, 29 May 2021

Who is Sophia?

Who is Sophia?







7:25 For she is a breath of the power of God, and a pure emanation of the glory of the Almighty; therefore nothing defiled gains entrance into her.
7:26 For she is a reflection of eternal light, a spotless mirror of the working of God, and an image of his goodness. (Wisdom of Solomon)

Sophia appears in many passages of the Bible as the female personification of Wisdom. Also Sophia is one of the central figures of Gnosticism.

Sophia is personal. She is joined in intimate union with God she is his breath, the Father’s first emanation, reflection, image the first of his creation (Wisdom 7:25,26; Prv 8:22) his companion (Prv 8:30) Her role as his “thought” could be read out of the Greek version of (Proverbs 24:7.48 )

Sophia is identified with the holy spirit (Wisdom 7:7 7:22-2 9:17)

Sophia is called the breath of God (Wisdom 7:25) the Hebrew word for breath can be translated spirit. Therefore wisdom is the holy spirit which in Hebrew is a feminine noun. So we can conclude that Wisdom and the holy spirit are synonymous

Sophia is personal in that she is of God Himself. Sophia is not personal in the sense of being some other person within the Godhead"

Wisdom is more than just a personification; she is an expression of the feminine aspects of God.

Jesus says wisdom is know by her children (Matt 11:19 compare Luke 7:35)
and we are born of the spirit (John 3:6)

Wisdom or Sophia is a feminine aspects of God or one of God's attributes.

In a document called the Tripartite Tractate from the Nag Hammadi Library, the Father does not have a partner therefore Sophia is not a separate person but an aspect of the Father

If Sophia is a feminine aspects of God than God is androgynous being both Father and Mother the holy spirit is the feminine aspect of God. In Hebrew the word spirit is a feminine noun. That is why it can be spoken of as a Mother giving birth. (John 3:8) However the holy spirit is a force, the invisible power and energy of the Father by which God is everywhere present. The Spirit is the power of God through which God's Family works. The chosen messengers have been given only the power and authority from Yahweh they need to accomplish their mission. (Gen 1:2; Num 11:17; Mt 3:16; John 20:22; Ac 2:4, 17, 33.) The Spirit is not a 'separate' or 'other' person. (Ac 7:55, 56; Re 7:10) The spirit is God's own radiant power, ever out flowing from Him, by which His 'everywhereness' is achieved. (Ps 104:30; 1 Cor 12:4-11.)

Therefore the Sophia is a feminine aspect of God his holy spirit. Sophia can be described as the wisdom of God, and, the holy spirit or active force which emanates from God. The Sophia is seen as being expressed in all creation and the natural world as well as, the Holy Spirit is an equivalent expression with Sophia, being the feminine counterpart to the masculine Logos. Whereas the latter is manifested in Jesus of Nazareth, the former is effectively manifested in the Church which Begets, anoints, Empowers, leads God’s people today. Joh 3:5-8; 2Co 1:21, 22 Ga 5:16, 18.


In Gnosticism Sophia is an Aeon. Aeons are both divine beings higher than the angels just like Jesus has been given a position higher than the angels. As well as been aspects of the Deity


In the Gnostic systems Sophia is s split into a higher and lower wisdom

Sophia's descent is her fall (1 enoch 42:1) her recent to her dwelling place in the clouds (1 enoch 42:2 Sir 24:4 Bar 3:29) is the creation sevenfold cosmic structure Prv 9:1

sophia descending in 1 enouch 42 should be understood as a descent before the world came into being her descent results in the creation of the physical universe

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